毕业后 有多大几率可以留在美国工作?

留美就业几率
留美就业几率–荣生教育 最新资讯 2016

毕业后你想留在美国工作吗?


十之八九的学生在出国之前,都期望毕业后能留下来先工作一段时间,即使不打算在美国打拼出自己的天地,也会希望在美国先积累一定的工作经验,然后拿着经验回国,高薪就职。

那么,留学生面临的一个问题不可避免:在美国找工作是顺理成章还是难如登天?

 

美国的就业形势怎样?

OPT Stem 24个月震撼来袭!留美发展更容易!

Stem OPT 24个月 新政策
Stem OPT 24个月 新政策–荣生留学 最新资讯 2016

半年前,在留美圈里有一阵恐慌,说美国法院将要取消STEM(科学类、技术类、工程类、数学类)专业17个月的OPT延期(原文链接)。当时我们阐述了事件的始末,平息了恐慌,并且做了预测,延期不会轻易取消的。

果然,国土安全局出台新政策,“取消”STEM 专业原有17个月的延期,改为24个月!至此,自从去年夏天以来的“美国是否会取消理工科专业学生17个月的工作延期”争论算是有了个结局。国安局终于在联邦法院设定的最终期限内,完成了所有的流程。从此,就STEM专业留学生工作/实习延期是否合法这一问题,再也没有人能找茬了。

北美求职?校园招聘是利器!

how to 100% use campus career fair--荣生留学 最新资讯 2016
how to 100% use campus career fair–荣生留学 最新资讯 2016

 

在美国找工作,对于国际学生来说,中标率最高的还是校园面试。什么是校园面试?学校为了保证自己毕业生的就业率,会和周围当地的公司或者美国著名公司拉关系,请人家来自己学校招生雇人。学校亲自提供场地,请各公司的招聘师们入驻学校,在自己的学校面试自己的学生,如果成了,就可以签约录用了。

这个好机会大家一定要好好利用,这是学校在出时间出精力地为你找工作呀! 对于国际学生来讲,如果是一般海投或者网投简历,几乎会石沉大海(除非你在那家公司有认识的人内推)。所以,强烈建议大家重视校园面试,因为校园面试的招聘公司是冲着学校的名声和面子去的,一旦选择来你们学校面试,首先就已经认可了你们学校培养出来的学生的质量。换言之,你什么都没做,就已经在人家眼里有了不错的第一印象,当然这个第一印象是学校为你挣来的。

一般而言,校园面试每年有两轮:春季和秋季。最集中和最大规模的是秋季。很多和学校有合作的大公司都回来学校里开宣讲会,挑一批人去面试。

那么,如何100%地利用校园招聘为自己的职业生涯铺路呢?学长学姐在这里把多年攒下的经验都给你!

喜忧参半 移民局公布2016年美国工作签证的申请费用上调!

H1B Application Fee Adjustment
H1B Application Fee Adjustment–荣生留学 最新资讯 2016

移民局刚刚推出了H1B(工作签证)新增60天的grace period(失业过渡期)的利好政策,就又官方公示了H1B的申请费用上调的细则,真真是喜忧参半!

2016财年美国联邦财政预算案中明确规定,部分H-1B申请费用将受影响大幅上调。

此次H-1B申请费用上调适用的公司是:

广大在美留学工作者的福音:H-1B新增60天失业过渡期(Grace Period)!

H1B或将新增60天grace period
H1B或将新增60天grace period–荣生留学 最新资讯 2016

美国移民局针对在美工作签证持有人放宽了政策,广大H-1B、L-1工作签证持有人也将可以开始享受最高60天的失业过渡期(Grace Period)。

该提案的正式文件于2015年12月31日正式公布在FederalRegister网站,近期会开始为期60天的公众意见采集,如果不出意外,此提案有可能会微调之后在2016年年中执行。

留美学生实习就业延期议案需要你!(OPT-Extension) 议案下怎么写评论?我们来支招!

Extension of Post Completion Optional Practical Training (OPT)
Extension of Post Completion Optional Practical Training (OPT)–荣生留学 最新资讯 2015

美国国安部(DHS)提议延长STEM领域留美学生毕业后在美国的实习就业期,现在处于公示和收集舆论阶段,却遭到了部分极端反移民势力的阻碍! 此提案通过需要你的帮助,请帮助中国留学生争取在美国合理合法的就业机会和时间!

美国法院没有取消STEM OPT 17个月的延期呢,大家莫要恐慌啦!

Extension of Post Completion Optional Practical Training (OPT)
OPT Extension Issue–荣生留学 最新资讯 2015

OPT背景

美国移民局给来美国留学的学生毕业后12个月的实习期(OPT),就是说中国留学生在美国毕业后,可以获得12个月在美国工作和实习的机会。美国是允许中国学生在当地找工作的。如果在12个月以内,雇主帮学生办理了工作签证,那么学生的身份会从F1学生签证专为H1B工作签证,下一步不就是申绿卡了嘛!

STEM 专业的学生,笼统来讲,也就是理工科的学生,在12个月的OPT用完以后,还可以申请17个月的延期。这个好处可是大大的,如果在前一年雇主没有帮忙办理工作签证,或者工作签证抽签没有成功,没关系,再给你一年半的时间!可见美国也在想方设法的留住理工类的技术人员。

事件起因

一帮美国技术工人觉得近年来国际学生抢了不少美国人的饭碗,越想越生气,有个工会组织(Washington Alliance of Technology Workers)就把美国国土安全局(DHS)给告上法庭了,说国安局在2008年颁布的这个STEM 领域OPT17个月的延期不合法,要求取消。 说白了就是只给国际学生12个月的时间,工作签没拿到赶紧走人,不给第二次机会!(太狠了)

事态经过

美国法院接到一纸诉状之后就开始调查,发现当年国安局颁布的这个法令确实存在问题呀。 按照美国法律,一项法令在颁布之前,必须按照规定走一些手续和流程,比如要经过公开听证、广纳民意。而国安局恰恰没走这个流程,自己直接制定和公布了,没有公开听证。因此,从法律上这个法令的颁布确实是无效的。

事件发展

Effect of the New H4 Policy—EAD Cards for H4 Visa Holders  

 

WASHINGTON, DC: The long wait for many H4 visa holders seeking Employment Authorization Document (EAD) cards to work legally in the United States is finally coming to an end: effective May 26, 2015, the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) will begin applications from qualified spouses of H-1B visa holders.

 

“Allowing the spouses of these visa holders to legally work in the United States makes perfect sense,” Rodríguez said. “It helps U.S. businesses keep their highly skilled workers by increasing the chances these workers will choose to stay in this country during the transition from temporary workers to permanent residents. It also provides more economic stability and better quality of life for the affected families.”

This policy shows that the U.S. government wants to attract more qualified talents to the country.

Extension of Post Completion Optional Practical Training (OPT) and F-1 Status for Eligible Students under the H-1B Cap-Gap Regulations

Extension of Post Completion Optional Practical Training (OPT)
Extension of Post Completion Optional Practical Training (OPT)–荣生留学 最新资讯 2015

 

The period of time when an F-1 student’s status and work authorization expire through the start date of their approved H-1B employment period is known as the “Cap-Gap”.

Cap-Gap occurs because an employer may not file, and USCIS may not accept, an H-1B petition submitted more than six months in advance of the date of actual need for the beneficiary’s services or training.  As a result, the earliest date that an employer can file an H-1B cap-subject petition is April 1, for the following fiscal year, starting October 1.  If USCIS approves the H-1B petition and the accompanying change of status request, the earliest date that the student may start the approved H-1B employment is October 1.

Cap-Gap Extensions

Current regulations allow certain students with pending or approved H-1B petitions to remain in F-1 status during the cap-gap period. This is referred to as filling the “cap-gap,” meaning the regulations provide a way of filling the “gap” between the end of F-1 status and the beginning of H-1B status that might otherwise occur if F-1 status is not extended for qualifying students.

Eligibility for an Extension

H-1B petitions that are timely filed, on behalf of an eligible F-1 student, that request a change of status to H-1B on October 1 qualify for a cap-gap extension.

Timely filed means that the H-1B petition (indicating change of status rather than consular processing) was filed during the H-1B acceptance period which begins April 1, 2013 while the student’s authorized F-1 duration of status (D/S) admission was still in effect (including any period of time during the academic course of study, any authorized periods of post-completion Optional Practical Training (OPT), and the 60-day departure preparation period, commonly known as the “grace period”).

Once a timely filing has been made, requesting a change of status to H-1B on October 1, the automatic cap-gap extension will begin and will continue until the H-1B petition adjudication process has been completed.  If the student’s H-1B petition is selected and approved, the student’s extension will continue through September 30.  If the student’s H-1B petition is denied, withdrawn, revoked, or is not selected, the student will have the standard 60-day grace period from the date of the rejection notice or their program end date, whichever is later, to prepare for and depart the United States.

Students are strongly encouraged to stay in close communication with their petitioning employer during the cap-gap extension period for status updates on the H-1B petition processing.

Please note: F-1 students who have entered the 60-day grace period are not employment-authorized.  If an H-1B cap-subject petition is filed on the behalf of a student who has entered the 60-day grace period, the student will receive the automatic cap-gap extension of his or her F-1 status, but will not become employment-authorized (since the student was not employment-authorized at the time H-1 petition was filed, there is no employment authorization to be extended).

Those Not Qualified for an Extension

F-1 students who do not qualify for a cap-gap extension, and whose periods of authorized stay expire before October 1, are required to leave the United States, apply for an H-1B visa at a consular post abroad, and then seek readmission to the United States in H-1B status, for the dates reflected on the approved H-1B petition.

Proof of Continuing Status 

To obtain proof of continuing status, a student should go to their Designated School Official (DSO) with evidence of a timely filed H-1B petition (indicating a request for change of status rather than for consular processing), such as a copy of the petition and a FedEx, UPS, or USPS Express/certified mail receipt.  The student’s DSO will issue a preliminary cap-gap I-20 showing an extension until June 1.

If the H-1B petition is selected for adjudication, the student should return to his or her DSO with a copy of the petitioning employer’s Form I-797, Notice of Action, with a valid receipt number, indicating that the petition was filed and accepted.  The student’s DSO will issue a new cap-gap I-20 indicating the continued extension of F-1 status.

Denied H-1B Petitions

If USCIS denies, rejects, or revokes an H-1B petition filed on behalf of an F-1 student covered by the automatic cap-gap extension of status, the student will have the standard 60-day grace period (from the date of the notification of the denial, rejection, or revocation of the petition) before he or she is required to depart the United States.

For denied cases the 60-day grace period does not apply to an F-1 student whose accompanying change of status request is denied due to the discovery of a status violation, misrepresentation, or fraud.  The student in this situation is not eligible for the automatic cap-gap extension of status or the 60-day grace period.  Similarly, the 60-day grace period and automatic cap-gap extension of status would not apply to the case of a student whose petition was revoked based on a finding of a status violation, fraud or misrepresentation discovered following approval.  In both of these instances, the student would be required to leave the United States immediately.

Travel during Cap-Gap Extension Period

A student granted a cap-gap extension who elects to travel outside the United States during the cap-gap extension period, will not be able to return in F-1 status.  The student will need to apply for an H-1B visa at a consular post abroad prior to returning.  As the H-1B petition is for an October 1 start date, the student should be prepared to adjust his or her travel plans, accordingly.

Unemployment Limits

The 90-day, or 120-day for STEM OPT, limitation on unemployment during the post-completion OPT authorization continues during the cap-gap extension.

STEM OPT Extensions

F-1 students who receive science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) degrees included on the STEM Designated Degree Program List, are employed by employers enrolled in E-Verify, and who have received an initial grant of post-completion OPT employment authorization related to such a degree, may apply for a 17-month extension of such authorization.  F-1 students may obtain additional information about STEM OPT extensions on the Student and Exchange Visitor Program website atwww.ice.gov/sevis.

Students who are eligible for a cap-gap extension of post-completion OPT employment and F1-status may apply for a STEM OPT extension during the cap-gap extension period.

However, such application may not be made once the cap-gap extension period is terminated (if the H-1B petition is rejected, denied, or revoked), and the student has entered the 60-day departure preparation period.

Start Date Issues

If the students’ OPT end dates are shortened to September 30, even though their H-1B employment would not begin until a later date, the student should contact their DSO.  The DSO may request a data fix in SEVIS by contacting the SEVIS helpdesk.

Changes in Employment

Laid Off/Termination from H-1B employer:  If the student has an approved H-1B petition and change of status, but is laid off/terminated by the H-1B employer before the effective date, and the student has an unexpired EAD issued for post-completion OPT, the student can retrieve any unused OPT. The student will remain in student status and can continue working OPT using the unexpired EAD until the H-1B change of status goes into effect.  The student also needs to make sure that USCIS receives a withdrawal request from the petitioner before the H-1B change of status effective date.  This will prevent the student from changing to H-1B status.  Once the petition has been revoked, the student must provide their DSO with a copy of the USCIS acknowledgement of withdrawal (i.e., the notice of revocation). The DSO may then request a data fix in SEVIS, to prevent the student from being terminated in SEVIS on the H-1B effective date, by contacting the SEVIS helpdesk.

If USCIS does not receive the withdrawal request prior to the H-1B petition change of status effective date, then the student will need to stop working, file a Form I-539 to request reinstatement, and wait until the reinstatement request is approved, before resuming employment.

Student finds a new H-1B job:  The student can continue working with his or her approved EAD while the data fix in SEVIS is pending if the (former) H-1B employer timely withdrew the H-1B petition and the following conditions are true:

  • The student finds employment appropriate to his or her OPT;
  • The period of OPT is unexpired; and
  • The DSO has requested a data fix in SEVIS.

Note: If the student had to file Form I-539 to request reinstatement to F-1 student status, the student may not work or attend classes until the reinstatement is approved.

Pending Request to Change OPT End Date

Working during request: If the H-1B revocation occurs before October 1, the student may continue working past October 1 while the data fix remains pending, because the student will still be in valid F-1 status.

If the H-1B revocation occurs on or after October 1, the student will need to stop working before October 1, apply for reinstatement, and wait until the reinstatement request is approved before resuming employment.

Maintaining Valid F-1 Status:  If the H-1B revocation occurs before the H-1B change of status effective date, the student is still in F-1 status while the data fix is pending.

If the H-1B revocation occurs after the H-1B change of status effective date, the student will not be in valid F-1 status and will therefore either need to apply for reinstatement or depart the United States.

 

From: USCIS

 

零经验≠没技能  新毕业生找工作要点

零经验≠没技能  新毕业生找工作要点
零经验≠没技能  新毕业生找工作要点—荣生留学 最新资讯 2015

 

美国很多工作有要求有3年或者5年工作经验。那么,对于新毕业的学生,是不是就陷入了没经验=没工作、没工作=没经验的死循环? 当然不是啦!美国各行各业很多公司每年会招入大量新人,作为零工作经验临近毕业生或者新毕业生们,应从哪几个方面重点准备以获得心仪的工作呢?

 

  1. 注重展现软实力

无论在哪一行业,企业永远希望员工能够保质保量完成工作并与他人相处融洽、合作愉快。NACE (National Association of Colleges and Employers)的2015年就业前瞻报告就指出,求职者必须体现出自己职业技术之外的能力,而超过77%的雇主最重视的软实力就是领导力和团队合作精神。

因此,职场小白们需要找到恰当的方式突出自己这些软实力。无论是写在求职信、简历时,还是对经典面试问题做出回答时,如有需要,请重点介绍自己领导团队与他人密切合作的经历,以此来打动招聘者。

同时,针对你要申请的职位修改简历以着重展示职位需要的软实力也非常重要。

  1. 实习经历

“没经验找不到工作,可不工作又得不到经验。”——这的确是个悖论,不过经验也可以通过当志愿者来获得,这点你想过吗?

社会上有不少非营利性组织和小公司,它们可能需要你的某些工作技能,而你也能在帮助他们的过程中得到宝贵的工作经验。美国国家及社区服务公司在2013年1月发布的报告“志愿工作——通向就业之路”中指出,志愿服务经历能够为你增加27%的求职成功率,同时它帮助你提高了社交能力,为你日后的职业道路打下基础。

如何开始一份志愿服务工作?LinkedIn的“志愿者(Volunteers)”专版就在为企业、组织寻找具备相关技能和兴趣的志愿者,感兴趣的朋友们不妨通过领英为自己找一份志愿者工作吧。

  1. 有针对性的培养工作技能

首先花一些时间精力,去分析你感兴趣的那些需要n年工作经验的职位都有什么相似的技能要求。你能通过参加课程或培训掌握这些技能吗?如果可以,那就积极学习,武装自己吧!获得行业相关的证书和执照是你工作能力的最好证明。

“技能投资”不仅仅能教会你工作中所需的知识和技术,也向你的雇主展示了你的热忱和对投身相关行业的积极性、主动性,而这点又为你的“软实力”大大加分了。

  1. 积极社交

不管你对某一行业了解多少、经验几何,积极的社交努力在找工作中至关重要。试着利用社交媒体和其他交流机会,尽可能多地和业内人士交流,借助这些沟通和他们建议,把你有限的工作经历与未来的理想职场角色联系起来,完善你的职业规划。勇敢行动起来,你会有意想不到的收获!