OPT Stem 24个月震撼来袭!留美发展更容易!

Stem OPT 24个月 新政策
Stem OPT 24个月 新政策–荣生留学 最新资讯 2016

半年前,在留美圈里有一阵恐慌,说美国法院将要取消STEM(科学类、技术类、工程类、数学类)专业17个月的OPT延期(原文链接)。当时我们阐述了事件的始末,平息了恐慌,并且做了预测,延期不会轻易取消的。

果然,国土安全局出台新政策,“取消”STEM 专业原有17个月的延期,改为24个月!至此,自从去年夏天以来的“美国是否会取消理工科专业学生17个月的工作延期”争论算是有了个结局。国安局终于在联邦法院设定的最终期限内,完成了所有的流程。从此,就STEM专业留学生工作/实习延期是否合法这一问题,再也没有人能找茬了。

留美学生实习就业延期议案需要你!(OPT-Extension) 议案下怎么写评论?我们来支招!

Extension of Post Completion Optional Practical Training (OPT)
Extension of Post Completion Optional Practical Training (OPT)–荣生留学 最新资讯 2015

美国国安部(DHS)提议延长STEM领域留美学生毕业后在美国的实习就业期,现在处于公示和收集舆论阶段,却遭到了部分极端反移民势力的阻碍! 此提案通过需要你的帮助,请帮助中国留学生争取在美国合理合法的就业机会和时间!

美国法院没有取消STEM OPT 17个月的延期呢,大家莫要恐慌啦!

Extension of Post Completion Optional Practical Training (OPT)
OPT Extension Issue–荣生留学 最新资讯 2015

OPT背景

美国移民局给来美国留学的学生毕业后12个月的实习期(OPT),就是说中国留学生在美国毕业后,可以获得12个月在美国工作和实习的机会。美国是允许中国学生在当地找工作的。如果在12个月以内,雇主帮学生办理了工作签证,那么学生的身份会从F1学生签证专为H1B工作签证,下一步不就是申绿卡了嘛!

STEM 专业的学生,笼统来讲,也就是理工科的学生,在12个月的OPT用完以后,还可以申请17个月的延期。这个好处可是大大的,如果在前一年雇主没有帮忙办理工作签证,或者工作签证抽签没有成功,没关系,再给你一年半的时间!可见美国也在想方设法的留住理工类的技术人员。

事件起因

一帮美国技术工人觉得近年来国际学生抢了不少美国人的饭碗,越想越生气,有个工会组织(Washington Alliance of Technology Workers)就把美国国土安全局(DHS)给告上法庭了,说国安局在2008年颁布的这个STEM 领域OPT17个月的延期不合法,要求取消。 说白了就是只给国际学生12个月的时间,工作签没拿到赶紧走人,不给第二次机会!(太狠了)

事态经过

美国法院接到一纸诉状之后就开始调查,发现当年国安局颁布的这个法令确实存在问题呀。 按照美国法律,一项法令在颁布之前,必须按照规定走一些手续和流程,比如要经过公开听证、广纳民意。而国安局恰恰没走这个流程,自己直接制定和公布了,没有公开听证。因此,从法律上这个法令的颁布确实是无效的。

事件发展

Extension of Post Completion Optional Practical Training (OPT) and F-1 Status for Eligible Students under the H-1B Cap-Gap Regulations

Extension of Post Completion Optional Practical Training (OPT)
Extension of Post Completion Optional Practical Training (OPT)–荣生留学 最新资讯 2015

 

The period of time when an F-1 student’s status and work authorization expire through the start date of their approved H-1B employment period is known as the “Cap-Gap”.

Cap-Gap occurs because an employer may not file, and USCIS may not accept, an H-1B petition submitted more than six months in advance of the date of actual need for the beneficiary’s services or training.  As a result, the earliest date that an employer can file an H-1B cap-subject petition is April 1, for the following fiscal year, starting October 1.  If USCIS approves the H-1B petition and the accompanying change of status request, the earliest date that the student may start the approved H-1B employment is October 1.

Cap-Gap Extensions

Current regulations allow certain students with pending or approved H-1B petitions to remain in F-1 status during the cap-gap period. This is referred to as filling the “cap-gap,” meaning the regulations provide a way of filling the “gap” between the end of F-1 status and the beginning of H-1B status that might otherwise occur if F-1 status is not extended for qualifying students.

Eligibility for an Extension

H-1B petitions that are timely filed, on behalf of an eligible F-1 student, that request a change of status to H-1B on October 1 qualify for a cap-gap extension.

Timely filed means that the H-1B petition (indicating change of status rather than consular processing) was filed during the H-1B acceptance period which begins April 1, 2013 while the student’s authorized F-1 duration of status (D/S) admission was still in effect (including any period of time during the academic course of study, any authorized periods of post-completion Optional Practical Training (OPT), and the 60-day departure preparation period, commonly known as the “grace period”).

Once a timely filing has been made, requesting a change of status to H-1B on October 1, the automatic cap-gap extension will begin and will continue until the H-1B petition adjudication process has been completed.  If the student’s H-1B petition is selected and approved, the student’s extension will continue through September 30.  If the student’s H-1B petition is denied, withdrawn, revoked, or is not selected, the student will have the standard 60-day grace period from the date of the rejection notice or their program end date, whichever is later, to prepare for and depart the United States.

Students are strongly encouraged to stay in close communication with their petitioning employer during the cap-gap extension period for status updates on the H-1B petition processing.

Please note: F-1 students who have entered the 60-day grace period are not employment-authorized.  If an H-1B cap-subject petition is filed on the behalf of a student who has entered the 60-day grace period, the student will receive the automatic cap-gap extension of his or her F-1 status, but will not become employment-authorized (since the student was not employment-authorized at the time H-1 petition was filed, there is no employment authorization to be extended).

Those Not Qualified for an Extension

F-1 students who do not qualify for a cap-gap extension, and whose periods of authorized stay expire before October 1, are required to leave the United States, apply for an H-1B visa at a consular post abroad, and then seek readmission to the United States in H-1B status, for the dates reflected on the approved H-1B petition.

Proof of Continuing Status 

To obtain proof of continuing status, a student should go to their Designated School Official (DSO) with evidence of a timely filed H-1B petition (indicating a request for change of status rather than for consular processing), such as a copy of the petition and a FedEx, UPS, or USPS Express/certified mail receipt.  The student’s DSO will issue a preliminary cap-gap I-20 showing an extension until June 1.

If the H-1B petition is selected for adjudication, the student should return to his or her DSO with a copy of the petitioning employer’s Form I-797, Notice of Action, with a valid receipt number, indicating that the petition was filed and accepted.  The student’s DSO will issue a new cap-gap I-20 indicating the continued extension of F-1 status.

Denied H-1B Petitions

If USCIS denies, rejects, or revokes an H-1B petition filed on behalf of an F-1 student covered by the automatic cap-gap extension of status, the student will have the standard 60-day grace period (from the date of the notification of the denial, rejection, or revocation of the petition) before he or she is required to depart the United States.

For denied cases the 60-day grace period does not apply to an F-1 student whose accompanying change of status request is denied due to the discovery of a status violation, misrepresentation, or fraud.  The student in this situation is not eligible for the automatic cap-gap extension of status or the 60-day grace period.  Similarly, the 60-day grace period and automatic cap-gap extension of status would not apply to the case of a student whose petition was revoked based on a finding of a status violation, fraud or misrepresentation discovered following approval.  In both of these instances, the student would be required to leave the United States immediately.

Travel during Cap-Gap Extension Period

A student granted a cap-gap extension who elects to travel outside the United States during the cap-gap extension period, will not be able to return in F-1 status.  The student will need to apply for an H-1B visa at a consular post abroad prior to returning.  As the H-1B petition is for an October 1 start date, the student should be prepared to adjust his or her travel plans, accordingly.

Unemployment Limits

The 90-day, or 120-day for STEM OPT, limitation on unemployment during the post-completion OPT authorization continues during the cap-gap extension.

STEM OPT Extensions

F-1 students who receive science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) degrees included on the STEM Designated Degree Program List, are employed by employers enrolled in E-Verify, and who have received an initial grant of post-completion OPT employment authorization related to such a degree, may apply for a 17-month extension of such authorization.  F-1 students may obtain additional information about STEM OPT extensions on the Student and Exchange Visitor Program website atwww.ice.gov/sevis.

Students who are eligible for a cap-gap extension of post-completion OPT employment and F1-status may apply for a STEM OPT extension during the cap-gap extension period.

However, such application may not be made once the cap-gap extension period is terminated (if the H-1B petition is rejected, denied, or revoked), and the student has entered the 60-day departure preparation period.

Start Date Issues

If the students’ OPT end dates are shortened to September 30, even though their H-1B employment would not begin until a later date, the student should contact their DSO.  The DSO may request a data fix in SEVIS by contacting the SEVIS helpdesk.

Changes in Employment

Laid Off/Termination from H-1B employer:  If the student has an approved H-1B petition and change of status, but is laid off/terminated by the H-1B employer before the effective date, and the student has an unexpired EAD issued for post-completion OPT, the student can retrieve any unused OPT. The student will remain in student status and can continue working OPT using the unexpired EAD until the H-1B change of status goes into effect.  The student also needs to make sure that USCIS receives a withdrawal request from the petitioner before the H-1B change of status effective date.  This will prevent the student from changing to H-1B status.  Once the petition has been revoked, the student must provide their DSO with a copy of the USCIS acknowledgement of withdrawal (i.e., the notice of revocation). The DSO may then request a data fix in SEVIS, to prevent the student from being terminated in SEVIS on the H-1B effective date, by contacting the SEVIS helpdesk.

If USCIS does not receive the withdrawal request prior to the H-1B petition change of status effective date, then the student will need to stop working, file a Form I-539 to request reinstatement, and wait until the reinstatement request is approved, before resuming employment.

Student finds a new H-1B job:  The student can continue working with his or her approved EAD while the data fix in SEVIS is pending if the (former) H-1B employer timely withdrew the H-1B petition and the following conditions are true:

  • The student finds employment appropriate to his or her OPT;
  • The period of OPT is unexpired; and
  • The DSO has requested a data fix in SEVIS.

Note: If the student had to file Form I-539 to request reinstatement to F-1 student status, the student may not work or attend classes until the reinstatement is approved.

Pending Request to Change OPT End Date

Working during request: If the H-1B revocation occurs before October 1, the student may continue working past October 1 while the data fix remains pending, because the student will still be in valid F-1 status.

If the H-1B revocation occurs on or after October 1, the student will need to stop working before October 1, apply for reinstatement, and wait until the reinstatement request is approved before resuming employment.

Maintaining Valid F-1 Status:  If the H-1B revocation occurs before the H-1B change of status effective date, the student is still in F-1 status while the data fix is pending.

If the H-1B revocation occurs after the H-1B change of status effective date, the student will not be in valid F-1 status and will therefore either need to apply for reinstatement or depart the United States.

 

From: USCIS

 

OPT简介  

 

OPT简介  
OPT简介–荣生留学 咨询 2015

现在很多国内同学选择来美国留学,其中大部分人希望毕业后能留在美国工作,或为移民定居做准备,或为将来回国多积累海外工作经验。 说到毕业留美工作,就不得不涉及到OPT的问题了。美国移民局规定,只有持有有效OPT的应届毕业生,才能合法在美国工作。下面,本文就为大家简单介绍一下OPT的作用。

 

  • 什么是OPT?

OPT的全称是Optional Practical Training. 是每个学校给自己的毕业生争取的合法在美工作许可。有了OPT,毕业生就可以合法在美国找工作。持有OPT的同学可以在任何公司工作,但是工作内容必须和自己在学校所学专业相关,说白了就是必须要对口。

  • 怎样拿到OPT?

OPT不是学校自动颁发的,它需要每个学生自己提出申请。在临近毕业时,学生需要自己填写申请表,提交申请费,给美国移民局递交OPT申请。每个大学都会有专门的讲座,具体指导学生如何递交OPT申请。

  • OPT何时开始生效?

其实,OPT的生效日可以自己选择。以毕业的日期为依据,同学们可以选择在毕业后的第一天立即生效,也可以选择在毕业后的第60天生效,但是不能再晚了。

对于哪些工作非常好找的同学,可以选择让OPT尽快生效,因为只有OPT有效,才可以开始合法工作,否则,即使你的OPT已经到手,但生效日期还没开始,就算找到了工作也不能上岗。

对于工作不太好找的同学,可以将OPT生效日设置的晚一些。这样可以延长自己找工作的时间。

  • OPT的有效期有多长?

所有本科和研究生毕业的同学,OPT的有效期为12个月。就是说,在OPT生效后的12个月内,都可以合法在美国工作。

对于STEM专业的学生,在12个月使用结束后,还可以延长17个月。STEM专业是指Science, Technology, Engineer and Mathematics. 说白了就是泛指理工科的同学们,你们的OPT在头12个月之后还可以获得17个月的延续。但是文科商科的同学们就没有这个优惠了。通过这个政策也可以看出美国政府欢迎留下什么样的人才。

  • 是不是持有OPT并且在其有效期内,就可以合法留在美国了。

很不幸答案是否定的。OPT是美国政府授予你的工作许可,就是说如果你有工作,那么在OPT的有效期内都可以留在美国。可如果你没有工作,那么对不起你只能回国了。

美国政府给每个毕业生3个月(90天)的时间找工作。具体来说,从OPT生效起的那一天开始计算,如果90天内毕业生找到了工作,那么可以继续留在美国,直到OPT有效期截止的那一天。如果在90天内没有找到工作,那么对不起你只能回国了。

  • 那当OPT到期了,我又将何去何从?

一般来讲,当毕业生利用OPT在美国找到工作以后,公司如果有能力,会帮助国际学生申办H1B,即工作签证。这样,在OPT结束之后,就有了<工作签证>的合法身份继续留在美国工作了。关于H1B工作签证的问题,我们有专门的文章来介绍。

 

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